Casteism in India and the elitist idiocy.

Casteism was and continues to be a vicious humanitarian problem in India.
Much of the privileges of the upper castes were a direct resultant of preventing competition from the dalits by means of ruthless repression.
In the machinations towards Independence, B. R Ambedkar and Rao Bahadur Rettamalle Srinivasan of Madras demanded a separate electorate for the Dalits so that they could reverse the most basic exigencies of casteism. M. K Gandhi opposed this demand and went on an hunger strike, as he believed that this would this demand would sound the death knell of hinduism
Due to the unprecedented public pressure and probable repercussions on the dalits B. R. Ambedkar relented. In exchange a system of seat reservations within the electorate was agreed upon.
“The Constitution of India states in article 16(4): “Nothing in [article 16] or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.”[7] Article 46 of the Constitution states that “The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.”[8][9]

In 1982, the Constitution specified 15% and 7.5% of vacancies in public sector and government-aided educational institutes as a quota reserved for the SC and ST candidates respectively for a period of five years, after which the quota system would be reviewed.[10] This period was routinely extended by the succeeding governments. The Supreme Court of India ruled that reservations could not exceed 50% (which it judged would violate equal access guaranteed by the Constitution) and put a cap on reservations.[11]”
Wikipedia.
Further, despite 15% reservations being present in the IAS and IPS, only 5% from this group reach the upper echelons in both. Which is a pointer to the humungous casteist discrimination still present even in the so called creamy layer.
The highest number of dropouts are from these Dalit groups in rural schools. Which then skews enormously the participation of such groups in upstream educational opportunities.
The argument of some who claim to be equalist is one of merit. Claiming that affirmative action results in dilution of quality. They seem to forget the quality workmanship and skill of artisans of the past, whose works as seen in archaeological remnants, are glorified no end. One may note that these artisans constitute the lower castes, with leather workers – contributing extraordinary workmanship in leather exports – being amongst the lowest. One may further note that The oft touted India an ancient economic superpower” was based wholly on slave labour derived from casteism in agriculture, smithy, terracotta etc.
Had there not been 1500 years of horrific subjugation, these people would have been the tech leaders of the world. One need to merely look at tribal art form of the warlis near Mumbai to realise their extraordinary capabilities of perception and representation.
The argument of dilution is actually precisely the opposite of what the privileged ignorants want to make.

In educational institutions fostering a chilly climate and victim blaming are common practices indulged in by both faculty and students. It has led to numerous suicides of dalit students. Several cases are extremely glaring, yet the faculty involved in these acts continue to merrily operate in the very same positions.

Given the above facts what is needed is vigorous implementation of affirmative action and strengthening of mechanisms to prevent discrimination in educational institutions.
The only probable dilution would be in provisions of creamy layer being extended to educational reservations for 2nd generation descendents.

Ref: Beyond the Quest for Merit V/s Quota Suresh Babu Gs, Social Action a Quarterly Review of social trends Vol 57.

 

Article originally written By Mr. Jude Terrence Dsouza.

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Argument for “No GOD”

The most compelling argument for “No god” is, history, paleontology, archaeology and biology.

If you study history carefully and understand archaeology, add evolution to that knowledge, you can not believe in something supernatural.. What I mean by this is…. In the history books we read how the civilizations came and went and along with the civilizations the gods of those civilizations have vanished, and this has been going on over and over again, new gods are invented and killed off, now keep this in mind and consider evolution of varied life forms on the planet, as far as you can see, no other animal worships or believes in any god, so why do humans believe in such supernatural things? it is because of the crucial differentiating factor between humans and other living beings, the crucial differentiating thing is how the brain works, the propensity or the capacity to form complex theories about the surroundings and to assign causality to events…

This particular characteristic is very useful for survival, so natural selection kicks in and selects individuals who form reasonable theories about their surroundings that help in their survival… The human brain goes on discovering more and more, and explains some things that are easy to understand, and then there are events that happen in his/her surroundings that s/he can not explain, he can’t find any causal relationship with anything else that is around, since the brain is getting good at forming theories, it starts making theories about the difficult events, (the human brain would rather have a conspiracy theory to no theory at all, that is how evolution has crafted our brains).

This is the reason humans invent gods, which again was a slow and gradual process, and this is the reason why you see gods or thunder, rain, light earthquakes and rivers and mountains in all civilizations and tribes, each inventing their own versions and giving these phenomenon a name in their own language… Then all this process goes into hyper drive when the communication between individuals becomes more understandable due to developing language…

Now comes the part of evidence to support this theory, and the evidence is in archaeology and paleontology, and evolutionary biology. So, if you combine all these disciplines you will see that gods were man made so you don’t need to believe in those folklore anymore because science can explain the unexplained phenomena, certainly there are some things we still have no clue about, but we don’t need to substitute god for the unknown because there is no need for it, as our history should make it clear. This is why I say there is no way any supernatural entity exists.

“Tujhe sharam nahin aati khud ko Indian bolte huye?”

The Single Screen

Varun offenseSo this was supposed to be a standard corporate gig. Event management company ‘BOI Media and Entertainment  Pvt Ltd.’ contacted me for this a few days ago.

What happened

6 pm: I reach the venue (Hotel Leela, Andheri East) to find out that the gig is for a party thrown by German Consulate so lots of foreigners (“from 15 countries”) are around. The show is an hour away and the in-charge from client side tells me “No references to caste, religion, or slang words including ‘F words’.” I was told to cut down my set duration from 30 to 15-20 if that’s what it takes to take out the bad words. She confessed she had seen my videos on youtube (Sadma Awards i think) where I used lots of hindi gaalis. I promised I won’t use any Hindi or English gaalis, and no reference to caste or religion.

7 pm: 

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A poem by me

I wish I could hold you in my arms.
I wish I could see you smile again,
for you have forsaken joy and happiness,
I wish I could hold your hand,
to walk the long forgotten roads.

I wish I could make you smile again,
I know I have denied you the joy of life,
I know I have made you cry,
I know I have hurt you often.

I wish I could talk to you again,
and make you feel the one true love of my life,
I wish I could go back in time,
to mend the ways in which I hurt you so bad,
that you are about to leave me forever.

I wish I could hold you in my arms,
So that I can sing to you,
I wish I could hold you in my arms,
and make you forget the past,
I wish I could hold you in my arms,
and forget everything. — Dr. Yogesh. D

 

 

This is tribute to our planet earth, please do not be confused by the choice of words

Consciousness

 

Human brain
Human brain

 

Consciousness is a loosely defined or ill defined term in most instances. Here I would like to make my contribution to that confusion.

 

In almost all cases, when we try to define consciousness, what we inadvertently do is to think only about the human beings and their capacity for consciousness. Till date most leading philosophers and biologists have mostly failed to apply that concept to organisms other than primates at the most.

 

For the purpose of encompassing the experiences of all living organisms I would define consciousness as “The awareness of any organism to its surroundings”. This definition does not include the quantitative measure of consciousness and the levels of consciousness in any particular species.

 

What use does this definition have? By defining this way, I would like to point out the basic physiologic processes of consciousness in any species and this will in turn lead to applying the concept not only to beings with a brain but to all living organisms and cells.

 

I will give you a few examples to illustrate my point. Take for example a bacterium, it is a prokaryotic single celled organism which, can we consider this as capable of having any consciousness? Not if you define consciousness as a product of neurons.

 

Now let us consider what this individual bacterium does and how it interacts with its surroundings. A bacterium needs to feed, so it needs to correctly identify which is food and which is not, it needs to identify what is there in its’ surroundings in order to survive and replicate, so how does it achieve this?

The answer to that is in the multitude of chemical interactions that occur on the surface of the bacterial cell wall as well as inside this bacteria. Bacteria have numerous cell surface proteins and other molecules which help the bacteria in identifying different types of other molecules, including other bacteria and viruses and even many eukaryotic cells which it comes in contact with, thus leading to chnages inside this single celled organism either to gulp in the molecule, or to replicate, or to secrete toxins and so on.

 

Now, the bacteria is reacting to the external factors in its surroundings, even though its capacity to identify the other molecules is limited by the space and it being a single celled organism, but it still does interact with a variety of other molecules, all that is happening inside and on the cell surface of this bacterium is plain chemical interactions, it does not think as we do, but it does not need to do the complex thinking because it is a simple single celled organism, on the other hand complex, multicellular organisms need better capabilities than that because of the difference in supplying the required nutrition to the cells which are arranged in differing variations. The cells in us differentiate during embryo genesis to form particular types of cells with set functions. The work of supplying nutrition and other things are taken care by a different type of cells.

 

Even in multicellular organisms, each individual cell is aware of its’ surroundings through intercellular and many other types of interactions such as hormonal, neuronal interactions. They are aware of their surroundings with the help of same molecules that help the bacteria, in some cases a slightly different type of molecule with differing modes of working , this can also be called as awareness of the cell. As demonstrated in the case of cancers, where in the cells lose these particular molecules or their functions due to mutations.

 

Consciousness applies to single cells and it applies to multicellular organisms with brains such as humans, but the capacity varies based on the requirements.

 

We humans have highly evolved brains, which is a collection of neurons which have a particular function. That is cognition, memory, homeostasis, language, integration of sensory inputs and so on, this evolution has made it necessary for human beings to develop a process of thinking to survive and adapt efficiently to varying environments. This also gives us the capacity to think abstract things such as mathematics, cosmology and the very process of evolution that lead to such beings, capable of reflection and theorization.

 

A human being develops from two half cells which unite to become one cell and go on multiplying and differentiating to finally produce a complete organism, and throughout this process and till the time we die, all that happens in our bodies is chemical interactions and reactions to different stimuli.

 

Each species has a different capacity for consciousness dependent on the constitution of the body, be it unicellular or multicellular, there is no need for mystifying the concept of consciousness for all practical purposes, be it philosophical or medical.